Published: October 8, 2021
There are many different skin types but the most common are oily, dry, and combination. Each is natural and most of the time, skin type is genetic. The term “combination skin” means that both dry areas and oily patches occur on the face, but may crop up in different areas depending on the individual.
Pores on the face produce varying levels of sebum. Those with oily skin have glands that produce excess sebum, when compared to average amounts. This may dictate an increased need to wash. Excess sebum may also increase the likelihood of pimples, zits, or cystic acne. Skin types whose pores produce less sebum tend to suffer with dry, dull, itchy skin. Caring for these skin types is relatively straightforward, once you find a natural product that works, because you only need to treat one issue.
Combination skin can be trickier to care for because an individual with this skin type is actively trying to remove excess oil while replenishing moisture to dry, flakey areas. Fortunately, there are ways to satisfy the needs of combination skin so that you can put your best face forward.
How your skin acts and reacts mainly hinges on genetic predisposition. There isn’t an actual acne gene, wrinkle gene, and the like, however, how much or how little sebum your skin produces is likely linked to your genes.
Hormones may also play a role in skin type. Many individuals experience a rise in oil production during puberty, which has a tendency to cause breakouts, blemishes, and acne. Likewise, menstruating women can also notice changes in their skin on a month-to-month basis, following hormonal fluctuations.
Depending on the climate in which you live, your skin may be more or less reactive to seasonal changes. Dry, cold weather can have an extreme effect on already irritable skin. Antithetically, hot, humid conditions can increase sweat and sebum production, clogging pores and increasing the likelihood of breakouts, pimples, and pustules.
Some acne medications, like accutane, work to dry out the skin in an effort to combat extreme occurrences of this skin condition. Other medications or even topical personal care products can affect the sensitive skin on the face, either increasing or decreasing sebum production, flakey skin, or dryness.
Depending on your skin’s sensitivities, some skincare products, like chemically-laden moisturizers, or harsh cleansers, like some made with salicylic acid, can irritate drier patches of skin while stripping oily areas of moisture, inspiring them to ramp up sebum production.
Ones made with synthetic ingredients, known allergens, or pore-clogging ingredients like mineral oil can exacerbate acne conditions.
If you struggle with zits in one area on the face and dryness, redness, or itchiness in other areas, it’s likely that you have this skin type. The most common indicator is an oily t-zone and dry cheeks. Individuals with this pairing may notice that each area gets better or worse, respectively, depending on the weather, time in the menstruation cycle, or in relation to stress.
Additionally, those with combination skin may have larger looking pores throughout their more oily zones. Skin in their dry zones may lack color, luster, and can itch, crack, and flake off if the dryness is severe.
Consulting with a dermatologist is the best way to accurately identify your skin type. It’s crucial to know what kind of skin you have to best treat it and keep it healthy, vibrant, and youthful. Likewise, an esthetician may be able to help you identify and treat your skin type.
Cleanse oily spots with an acne-fighting cleanser that removes sebum but doesn’t strip the skin of its natural moisture. Use a toner that targets oily areas but doesn’t use harsh ingredients like some alcohols, parabens, or synthetic fragrances.
This effective yet gentle line offers delicate products including a purifying toner, mattifying clay mask, and potent cleanser that removes deep-set dirt and grime, penetrating deep into pores to lift sediment out. Each Active Pureness product fosters overall skin health and won’t strip the outer layer of its moisture, which is crucial when dealing with oily skin.
Wash dry spots with a cleanser geared towards flaking and dry skin. Hydrating these areas is key and a large majority of cleansers will actually exacerbate irritation. Exfoliate less frequently on the oil-free, dry patches of the face so as not to irritate already sensitive, flakey skin.
This hydrating line is specifically formulated to replenish depleted skin with healthy, natural moisture. It’s free from synthetic ingredients and harsh chemicals that may offer temporary relief but actually do more harm in the long run. Hydramemory products are made with luxurious, effective ingredients like macro hyaluronic acid that stimulates the skin’s natural hydration and moringa oil, which fortifies the skin barrier to reduce trans-epidermal water loss. Watermelon, lentil, and apple blends fortify the skin’s natural structure while providing healthy antioxidants your skin’s microbiome needs to thrive.
If your skincare routine demands a little less maintenance than washing twice, pick a sensitive skin cleanser that is packed with antioxidants.
The gentle and effective Essential Collection is nourishing, hydrating, and effective at removing dirt, grime, and sebum. It works well for both skin issues while protecting the integrity and health of the epidermis. Those with skin sensitivities should check out each Essential Line product as they have been consciously designed with delicate skin in mind. From soothing cleansers to supple moisturizers, this line contains all the essentials you need to achieve glowing, happy, and healthy skin.
Using a daily face sunscreen of at least SPF 30 in conjunction with your other morning skincare products helps boost protection against damaging UVA and UVB rays. The sun’s rays can certainly dry out skin but can also cause premature aging, broken capillaries, and peeling. Dermatologists agree that applying sunscreen daily is a crucial anti-aging practice that shouldn’t be ignored. To combat the effects of the sun, apply sunscreen every time you go outdoors and start implementing simple skincare practices that reverse sun damage.
If your skin is experiencing a particularly dramatic flare up of acne, dryness, or both, skip the makeup for a few days or go extremely light. Poorly made makeup can exacerbate both conditions. Use noncomedogenic products to prevent clogging and use an exfoliant - like a glycolic acid cleanser - at night to remove makeup from pores.
Build a little more time into your nightly routine to double cleanse. Wash, tone, and moisturize each section of your skin according to its sensitivities. Use a supple face cream with hyaluronic acid for particularly dry areas and a lighter face lotion with antioxidants for oily areas.
Periodically, use a detoxifying mask, like the Active Pureness Mask. This promotes overall skin health, extracts toxins, and helps push the reset button on stressed out skin.
Different skin types call for different treatments. As your skin changes overtime or seasonally, you may need to alter your skincare routine. Combination skin affects many of us and requires just as much care as any other skin type. Visit the dermatologist before making any dramatic changes in your skin care routine.
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